The term batik generally refers to cloth that has been decorated by a wax resist technique.
A pattern is applied in hot wax into a piece of cloth, usually cotton. When the cloth is later dyed, those parts which have been treated with wax will not take up the dye; when the wax is removed a pattern of while lines will be left. This process can be repeated with a number of subsequent waxings, and dye baths, leaving a complex pattern of motifs in a variety of colors.
How long this method of decorating cloth has been practiced is not known, though the technique has been recorded in many countries throughout the world. Fragments of fabric decorated with resist technique have been found in tombs in China dating back to the sixth century and by the eight century the wax resist techniques seems to have spread to Japan. But it is by its Indonesian name, batik, that the process is best known, and most people agree that it is in Indonesia that the skill of batik making has reached the highest level of artistry.
>>> process of making batik photo album